And the LORD said unto Moses, Hew thee two tables of stone like unto the first: and I will write upon these tables the words that were in the first tables, which thou brakest. And be ready in the morning, and come up in the morning unto mount Sinai, and present thyself there to me in the top of the mount. Exodus 34:1-2
If we remember previously, God wrote the Ten Commandments on the stone tablets, and when Moses saw his people already committing idolatry, in his anger he slammed the stone tablets to the ground and broke them.
Now as we analyze this, we know nothing is a coincidence with God. I believe God now wanting to write the stone tablets again is a foreshadow of the New Covenant to come! The breaking of the old tablets, is us breaking Gods moral laws. Because we are unable to fulfill Gods Law, He had to make a better covenant, the New Covenant of Christ!
And no man shall come up with thee, neither let any man be seen throughout all the mount; neither let the flocks nor herds feed before that mount. And he hewed two tables of stone like unto the first; and Moses rose up early in the morning, and went up unto mount Sinai, as the LORD had commanded him, and took in his hand the two tables of stone. Exodus 34:3-4
Notice Gods command, nobody can come up to the mountain except Moses, why? Because remember as sinners we cant come into the presence of our Holy God. We need a Mediator, the Israelites had Moses as their Mediator between God and Man. Our Mediator is Jesus Christ, who fulfilled the Law in our place
And the LORD descended in the cloud, and stood with him there, and proclaimed the name of the LORD. And the LORD passed by before him, and proclaimed, The LORD, The LORD God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth, Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear the guilty; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children’s children, unto the third and to the fourth generation. Exodus 34:5-7
God stood with Moses and proclaimed the name of Yahweh, now think about this, would why would God proclaim his own name when He was right in front of Moses? Because I believe this is Jesus Christ, God incarnate proclaiming the name of The Father Yahweh
Even after all the rebellion and sin of the Israelites, God reminded Moses, He is merciful, gracious, patient, full of love and truth! And also he is forgiving of our sin! This is our loving God we serve! Christ through the New Covenant has written these laws on our hearts and mind, and the Holy Spirit lives inside of us forever! Amen!