And he said unto Moses, Come up unto the LORD, thou, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel; and worship ye afar off. And Moses alone shall come near the LORD: but they shall not come nigh; neither shall the people go up with him. Exodus 24:1-2
God is going to establish His covenant with the Israelites, the question first arises “What is a Covenant”? A Covenant is a contract, an agreement that God is making with His people. Now the interesting thing is looking at the Mosaic (Old) Covenant, there are many foreshadows of the New Covenant with Christ
First we see Moses is the only one to come to God. Moses is a foreshadow of Christ, as Jesus said “Nobody comes to the Father except through Me” (John 14:6) Moses was the mediator between God and the Israelites, Jesus is the mediate between Christians and God
And Moses came and told the people all the words of the LORD, and all the judgments: and all the people answered with one voice, and said, All the words which the LORD hath said will we do. And Moses wrote all the words of the LORD, and rose up early in the morning, and builded an altar under the hill, and twelve pillars, according to the twelve tribes of Israel. Exodus 24:3-4
The Israelites agreed to the terms of the contract “Covenant” notice it says “All the words which Yahweh has said we will do” They are agreeing to the terms of the Covenant. Just as Jesus said “If you love me you will keep my commandments” (John 14:15) , its the same as a marriage, when you enter into a marriage you are agreeing to terms.
Notice Israel made 12 pillars, symbolic of the 12 tribes of Israel, its no coincidence in the New Covenant Jesus ordained the 12 Apostles to build His Church
And he sent young men of the children of Israel, which offered burnt offerings, and sacrificed peace offerings of oxen unto the LORD. And Moses took half of the blood, and put it in basons; and half of the blood he sprinkled on the altar. Exodus 24:5-6
The Bible says “Without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness of sin” (Hebrews 9:22) The Israelites need to be cleansed of their sin, as noted, Moses is acting as Mediator between God and the Israelites, hes offering a sacrifice for forgiveness of their sin. As you can tell, there are many foreshadows of the New Covenant here, Christ is present throughout this process.
And he took the book of the covenant, and read in the audience of the people: and they said, All that the LORD hath said will we do, and be obedient. And Moses took the blood, and sprinkled it on the people, and said, Behold the blood of the covenant, which the LORD hath made with you concerning all these words. Exodus 24:7-8
The blood of the covenant, the Covenant was sealed by the sacrifice of innocent blood for the sinful nature of man. As Jesus said at the Lords Supper “ This is my blood the New Covenant” (1 Corinthians 11:25) Jesus paid the penalty for our sin with His own blood this is the New Covenant
How can Jesus accomplish this? Because He is The Lamb of God, He is God in the Flesh, He is the Only One who could atone for our sins. Just as the Israelites enter into a Covenant with God, through Christ we are in a better Covenant forever Amen!