And it came to pass, when they had eaten up the corn which they had brought out of Egypt, their father said unto them, Go again, buy us a little food. Genesis 43:2
The time has come for Jacobs family to go back to Egypt and buy more food. The famine has been very severe and they have no choice. Now the risk is they might lose the youngest Benjamin, remember Joseph told them when they returned they needed to bring their youngest brother to prove they are not spies
At this point , they still don’t realize Joseph is the man they talked to in Egypt. They are still have presumed he was dead. So for Jacob to send his sons back to Egypt is a gut wrenching decision but due to the famine in the land they have no choice for the sake of the family
And the men took that present, and they took double money in their hand, and Benjamin; and rose up, and went down to Egypt, and stood before Joseph. Genesis 43:15
The brothers returned to Egypt with double the money of last time and gifts. If we remember last time Joseph gave them their money back without them realizing it until they returned home. Judah guaranteed his father that he would bring Benjamin back home safely.
And the men were afraid, because they were brought into Joseph’s house; and they said, Because of the money that was returned in our sacks at the first time are we brought in; that he may seek occasion against us, and fall upon us, and take us for bondmen, and our asses. Genesis 43:18
Joseph instructed the brothers to come to his house, they figured they were in trouble due to the money mixup before. But Joseph was excited to see his family and was preparing a feast for them. He released Simeon to the rest of the family. Remember Simeon was being held in prison until they returned to Egypt with their youngest brother Benjamin to prove they were not spies
And Joseph made haste; for his bowels did yearn upon his brother: and he sought where to weep; and he entered into his chamber, and wept there. Genesis 43:30
Joseph asked them about his father and they said he was alive and well. And then when Joseph saw Benjamin he became emotional. Remember Joseph and Benjamin have the same biological mother and father. Joseph hid himself as he broke down in tears
The chapter ends with all the brothers sitting together and enjoying a great feast. The brothers are in astonishment of the hospitality they have received from the ruler of Egypt. Pretty soon they will find out why!